Christmas is both sacred religious holiday and a worldwide cultural and commercial phenomenon. People here celebrating holidays for more than 2000 years. Christmas are for Christians yet lots of non-Christians celebrate Christmas. Christmas is celebrated on the account of Birth of Jesus Christ, the one who is the saviour of mankind. His teaching has changed the way of people’s lifestyle. Popular customs include exchanging gifts, decorating Christmas trees, attending church, sharing meals with family and friends and, of course, waiting for Santa Claus to arrive.
History Of Christmas: –
Christmas history is widely known to the world. Christmas is one of the most celebrated festivals of the world. The history of Christmas is still unknown. But still, people celebrate Christmas for togetherness, peace and showing their love for God.
If you are willing to know the History of Christmas, We have written an article about Origin of Christmas. And we have also mentioned some later stage history of Christmas given in Christmas holiday section.
We celebrate Christmas in the name of Jesus who was born on this day. He changed the way people were living their life in a positive manner.
The 12 Days Of Christmas: –
12th day of Christmas is most famously celebrated in Europe. There are many misconceptions about 12 days of Christmas. Some people follow and some people only celebrate on 25th of December. On the other side, The 12 Days of Christmas are now most famous as a song. Its about someone receiving lots of presents from their ‘true love’.
The 12 Days of Christmas starts on Christmas day and last until the evening of the 5th January. The 5th January is also known as the Twelfth Night. The 12 Days have been celebrated in Europe since before the middle ages and were a time of celebration.
- Day 1 25th December : Christmas – Celebrating the Birth Of Jesus.
- Day 2 26th December (Boxing Day & St Stephen’s Day): He was the first Christian Martyr. It’s also the day when the Christmas Carol ‘Good King Wenceslas’ takes place.
- Day 3 27th December : St John the Apostle (One of Jesus’s Disciples and friends).
- Day 4 28th December : The Feast of the Holy Innocents. King Herod killed when he was trying to find and kill Baby Jesus. The day is in the remembrance of Baby Boy.
- Day 5 29th December : St Thomas Becket. He was Archbishop of Canterbury. In the 12th century, he was murdered on 29th December for challenging the king’s authority over Church.
- Day 6 30th December : St Egwin of Worcester.
- Day 7 31st December : New Year’s Eve (Also known as Hogmanay in Scotland). A celebration of one of the earliest Pope, Pope Sylvester I. In 4th Century he becomes the Pope. The European Countries like Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland, Slovenia etc follow this day. The New Year still sometimes called as “Silvester”. In the UK, the New Year celebrated in a traditional way like playing games, sporting competition etc.
- Day 8 1st January : Mary, the Mother of Jesus.
- Day 9 2nd January : St. Basil the Great and St. Gregory Nazianzen, two important 4th century Christians.
- Day 10 3rd January : Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus. This remembers when Jesus was officially ‘named’ in the Jewish Temple. It’s celebrated by different churches on a wide number of different dates!
- Day 11 4th January : St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, the first American saint, who lived in the 18th and 19th centuries. In the past, it also celebrated the feast of Saint Simon Stylites (who lives on a small platform on the top of a pillar for 37 years!).
- Day 12 5th January : Epiphany Eve. St. John Neumann who was the first Bishop in American. He lived in the 19th century.
Birth Of Jesus Christ: –
Christmas Holiday: –
Ancient Christmas Holiday: –
In the middle of the winter, Jesus was born. It was a time of celebration around the world. The whole Europe and Africa were under dark before Jesus birth. People were surrounded by all negative things like Jealousy, Greed, Superstition, Slavery etc. But after Jesus Birth, everything changed and people started experiencing transformation in their life.
Early people were celebrating Christmas with light in the darkest day of their life. Winter use to worst especially in the European nation.
Norway – Sweden – Finland: –
In Scandinavia, the Norse celebrated Yule from December 21, the winter Solstice through January. Here father and son togetherly use to bring a large branch of a tree which they use to keep that thing in the fire. The people there continue celebrating feast until the large branch of tree burns out. People in Scandinavia use to believe that each spark from the fire represents a new pig or calf that would be born during the coming year.
In Germany, people honored pagan god Oden during mid-winter holiday. German believe terrifically on Oden, as they heard of a story where Oden has taken flights through fed during winter to observe his people. Because of his presence people choose to leave inside.
In Rome, there use to be a festival called as SATURNALIA. This festival uses to arrive at the end of December. They celebrate this for their farms. But when Romans adopted Christianity the Churches in Rome declare SATURNALIA as Christmas Festival. The tradition of praying their farms for prosperity is same but the name has changed from Saturnalia to Christmas.
Beginning in the week leading up to the winter solstice and continuing for a full month, Saturnalia was a hedonistic time, when food and drink were plentiful and the normal Roman social order was turned upside down. For a month, slaves would become masters. Peasants were in command of the city. Business and schools were closed so that everyone could join in the fun.
America : –
American started celebrating Christmas in the early stage of the 19th century. American wanted to celebrate their own Christmas so instead of local carnival holiday, it turns into a family-centered day of peace and nostalgia.
In the early stage of the 19th century, America was in great turmoil. During this time, unemployment was high and gang rioting by the disenchanted classes often occurred during the Christmas season. To avoid this riot New York Council instituted the city’s first police force. This catalyzed certain members of the upper classes to begin to change the way Christmas was celebrated in America.